Caring Skills

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Communication

Persons with dementia will gradually diminish ability to communicate. They may have more difficulty expressing thoughts and emotions and have more trouble understanding others. The person may not able to find the right words − particularly the names of objects, may substitute an incorrect word, or may not find any word at all.

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Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD)

Carers of the persons with dementia find behavioral symptoms to be the most challenging and distressing effects of the disease. It is important for the carers to recognize the symptoms, understand the cause and know the treatment options.

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Wandering

Persons with dementia may lose their ability to recognize familiar places and faces. It is common for the person to wander and become lost; many do repeatedly. Many people cannot even remember their name or address.

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Trouble with Sleep

Sleeping problems experienced by individuals with Alzheimer’s and caregiver exhaustion are two of the most common reasons people with Alzheimer’s are eventually placed in nursing homes. Some studies indicate that as many as 20 percent of persons with Alzheimer’s will, at some point, experience periods of.

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口腔護理

長者常見的口腔問題包括蛀牙、牙周病、假牙不穩固及口腔發炎。口腔疾病會帶來痛楚、咀嚼無力、消化不良等問題,令長者感到不適,影響食慾及情緒。
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進食及吞嚥問題

 認知障礙症患者因認知退化,或許未能控制食慾,出現過量進食或食量過少問題,照顧者也要留意患者是否難以吞嚥食物。
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失禁

失禁是由於無法正常控制膀胱和(或)大腸功能衰退所引致的。當需要排便時,腦部會發出訊息至膀胱及大腸,產生有需要如廁的感覺。當認知障礙症患者的認知、生理及感官機能衰退時,就容易失禁。
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